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“Introduction The incidence and epidemiological causes of maxillofacial (MF) trauma and facial fractures varies widely in different CB-839 regions of the world due to social, economical, cultural consequences, awareness of traffic regulations and alcohol consumption. Reports from distinct regions in Turkey also have different etiological findings [1, 2]. According to the studies in developed countries assault is the leading cause of facial fractures followed mostly by motor vehicle accidents, pedestrian collisions, stumbling, sports and industrial accidents but the leading cause shifts to road traffic accidents in underdeveloped or developing areas of the world followed by assaults and other reasons including warfare [3–9]. Diagnosis and management
Screening Library price Edoxaban facial injuries are a challenge particularly in the setting of coexisting polytrauma in emergency department. Our goal is to broaden clinical data of MF trauma patients for public health measures. It is our credence that broader knowledge of MF trauma patients’ epidemiological properties and trauma patterns with simultaneous injuries in different areas of the
body may help emergency physicians to deliver more accurate diagnosis and decisions. In this study we analyze etiology and pattern of MF trauma and coexisting injuries if any. Patients and methods In the study MF injuries were diagnosed after evaluation of the patients’ history, physical examination, forensic record and radiological studies. Patients with isolated nasal and dentoalveolar fracture were excluded and in patients with suspected more severe facial injuries, maxillofacial CT scans were performed as proposed by our hospitals clinical policy. We retrospectively evaluated patients referred to our emergency department (ED) between 2010 March and 2013 March whose maxillofacial CT scans were obtained. Our study’s variables are presented as; age, gender, cause of injury, site of injury, alcohol consumption, coexisting intracranial, cervical, orthopedic, abdominal injuries and mortality if any. During the analyses Mid-face region injuries were classified as Le Fort I, Le Fort II, Le Fort III, blow out, zygomaticomaxillary complex, nasorbitoethmoid complex and zygomatic arc fractures.