e. “transposase activity”) were significantly over-represented. Concerning SSHB, five GO terms from biological processes (i.e. “digestion”, “nitrogen compound metabolic process”, “carbohydrate metabolic process”, “polysaccharide metabolic process”, GDC-0068 datasheet and “energy derivation by oxidation of organic compounds”) and nine GO terms from molecular functions (i.e. “hydrolase activity”, “ion binding”, “tetrapyrole binding”, “hydrolase activity, acting on glycosyl bonds”, “monooxygenase activity”, “peptidase activity”, “heme binding”, “cation binding” and “hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds”) were significantly over-expressed. The SSHA
yielded 55 unigenes with the eukaryotic blast result. A detailed listing of these unigenes is presented in Additional file 3. The remaining unigenes were related to prokaryotic assignation, which means that the subtraction has been contaminated with symbiont DNA. Surprisingly, none of the 55 unigenes were related to the immune response and
only one, an aspartic proteinase, presented a high similarity (96%) with a sequence found this website in S. zeamais . Most of the SSHA unigenes are referred to as metabolic or cellular regulation genes, suggesting high cellular activity in the symbiont-full bacteriome . The functional enrichment analysis has allocated, to the SSHA, the level 3 GO terms “transposition” (GO:0032196) and “transposase activity” (GO:0004803). This is probably due to the massive presence of insertion sequences (IS) recently documented in the SPE genome . The 844 EST sequences from SSHB have provided 299 unigenes potentially expressed specifically in the symbiont-free bacteriome. Blastx annotations have identified around 60% of these sequences Docetaxel order as digestive enzymes. Functional analysis of SSHB has allocated the level 3 GO terms, such as “digestion” (GO:0007586), “nitrogen compound metabolic process” (GO:0006807) or “hydrolase activity” (GO:0016787). As these functions are dominant in the gut tissue, and as symbiont-free bacteriomes are very thin, flat and intimately attached to the intestine,
contamination from the gut is highly probable while dissecting out the bacteriomes. Transcriptomic study The purpose of the transcriptomic study was to analyze molecular and cellular specificities of the bacteriome and to test the influence of symbiosis on the host immune response to bacterial pathogens. Analyzed genes were retrieved from different libraries based on in silico subtraction, experimental subtractions (SO, AO, SSHA), and on the examination of genes involved in cellular pathways of potential interest to intracellular symbiosis, such as apoptosis, cell trafficking and immunity (NOR, SSH1). In total, we have selected 29 genes (Additional file 4). Except for MEGwB, all sequences presented more than 60% similarity with their first hit on the blastx and/or major Interproscan domains of the unigene predicted protein.