(A) Intrahippocampal … Repeated measures analysis of the effects within each group revealed a concentration-dependent effect on the evoked population spike. First, Selleckchem BIBW2992 infusion of the lowest concentration of ISO, 0.1 μmol/L (n = 6) produced
a transient depression of the dentate gyrus evoked population spike from baseline responses (F41,205 = 1.555, P < 0.025; see Fig. 2B). Post hoc analysis revealed that this decrease began at the termination of infusion and was maximal at 46% of the baseline spike amplitude. The depression lasted for four 5-min samples (20 min) and Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical then returned to baseline. The remaining concentrations of intrahippocampal ISO (1, 10, and 100 μmol/L) produced a potentiation of the perforant path—dentate gyrus evoked population spike (see Fig. 2C–E). The potentiation observed at the 1 μmol/L concentration (F41,205 = 3.3424; P < 0.0001; n = 6) began following infusion termination and was significantly different ~75 min later with a maximal mean potentiation from
baseline Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of 133%. The response returned to baseline before 3 h of recording had elapsed. Application of ISO at 10 μmol/L concentration produced the largest and most enduring increases in population spike amplitude (F41,205 = 4.9210; P < 0.00001; n = 6). The potentiation began during infusion and was significantly different Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical ~60 min following infusion termination. The mean maximal increase was 185% and persisted for the duration of the 3-h recording period. Finally, intrahippocampal infusion of the 100 μmol/L concentration produced a small and variable potentiation of the Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical evoked population spike (F41,205 = 1.97; P < 0.001; n = 6), with the first significant
increase at ~70 min postinfusion but then returning to baseline, a second elevation occurred 2 h later and lasted Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical 35 min, returning to baseline prior to termination of recording. The maximal mean increase occurred in the second period of potentiation and was 124% of baseline. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA (concentration × time at 15 min preinfusion and 15, 110, and 180 min postinfusion) was used to assess between-group effects of varying ISO concentrations. A significant interaction was found for the effects of varying concentrations ALOX15 of ISO on the population spike amplitude (F12,78 = 2.4123; P < 0.01). Post hoc analysis showed no differences between groups in the 15-min period prior to infusion; however, 15 min after the start of the infusion of 0.1 μmol/L ISO, the population spike was depressed compared to aCSF-infused control rats (see Fig. 2F). The population spike amplitude in rats receiving 10 μmol/L ISO was greater than that of rats receiving infusions of either aCSF or any other ISO concentration. By 110 min after the start of infusions, the spike amplitude of rats infused with 10 μmol/L was still elevated, compared to all other groups.