J Toxicol Environ Health A 2008, 71: 887–897 CrossRef

J Toxicol Environ Health A 2008, 71: 887–897.CrossRefPubMed 33. Egger M, Davey Smith G, Schneider M, Minder C: Bias in meta-analysis detected by a simple, graphical test. BMJ 1997, 315: 629–634.PubMed 34. Terrin N, Schmid CH, Lau J: In an empirical evaluation

of the funnel plot, researchers could not visually identify publication bias. J Clin Epidemiol 2005, 58: 894–901.CrossRefPubMed 35. Lau J, Ioannidis JP, Terrin N, Schmid CH, Olkin I: The case of the misleading funnel plot. BMJ 2006, 333: 597–600.CrossRefPubMed Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions XZ and LC conceived of the study, and carried out the analysis of the literatures and drafted the manuscript. ZX carried out the collection of the literatures. QL Smad3 phosphorylation helped with the statistical analysis and manuscript drafting. XZ conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped Erismodegib clinical trial to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background A multinucleated cell is a unique form which is frequently observed in the normal tissue. Skeletal muscle is composed of bundles of multinucleate muscle fibers [1]. Osteoclasts induce

multinucleation by the cell fusion of mononuclear cells to cover a large area for bone resorption [2]. Macrophages may fuse to form multinuclear giant cells when adequately ADP ribosylation factor stimulated [3]. Many hepatocytes are binucleate, and the nuclei are frequently polyploidy [4]. On the other hand, multinucleated cells are frequently seen in malignant neoplasms. Giant cells may be formed and possess either one enormous nucleus or several nuclei [5]. In Hodgkin’s disease, Reed-Sternberg cells have an intricate double or bi-lobed nucleus [6]. The mechanism of neoplastic multinucleation remains unknown, but is considered to be induced by cell-cell fusion or acytokinetic cell division. Myxofibrosarcoma is one of the most common sarcomas in elderly patients with a slight male predominance and this

tumor consists of spindled and pleomorphic tumor cells and bizarre multinucleated giant cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm [7]. Some of these multinucleated cells are considered to be neoplastic and possess atypical nuclei or mitotic changes [8]. However, it is not known precisely by what mechanism multinucleated cells are formed. To determine whether the mechanism of multinucleation is cell-cell fusion or acytokinetic cell division, we elucidated the activity of the multinucleated cells by Ki-67 immunohistochemistry and the dynamics and differentiation by live-cell video selleck compound microscopy in the two myxofibrosarcoma cell lines. Methods Tumor cell lines The human myxofibrosarcoma cell lines, NMFH-1 and NMFH-2, were used for these experiments. NMFH-1 was described previously [9]. NMFH-2 has been newly established in our institute.

Comments are closed.