The presented

methods and techniques make it possible to

The presented

methods and techniques make it possible to modify the characteristics of oocytes and embryos and thus may become major tools in mammalian gamete and embryo agricultural or biotechnological applications in the future. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Enhancer of zeste 2 (EZH2), a polycomb histone methyltransferase, is overexpressed in various cancers, including cervical cancer. Gene expression analysis revealed that increased expression of EZH2 is associated with cervical cancer progression, particularly the progression to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Enhancer of zeste 2 is known to trimethylate lysine 27 on histone H3, leading to gene silencing that contributes selleck to the progression of tumours into a more aggressive form of cancer. However, the specific

molecular mechanisms by which EZH2 contributes to the development of cervical cancer remain largely unknown. Recently, an EZH2 inhibitor was reported to selectively 17DMAG order inhibit trimethylated lysine 27 on histone H3 and to reactivate silenced genes in cancer cells. In this study, we found that GSK343 (a specific inhibitor of EZH2 methyltransferase) induces phenotypic reprogramming of cancer cells from mesenchymal to epithelial cells, reducing proliferation and cell motility and blocking the invasion of cervical cancer cell lines both in vitro and in vivo. Treatment Sapanisertib price with the EZH2 inhibitor led to increased levels of the epithelial marker E-cadherin and decreased levels of mesenchymal markers such as N-cadherin and vimentin. The observed reprogramming is associated with restrained cervical cancer progression and provides

direct evidence in support of EZH2 as a therapeutic target.”
“Objectives To investigate whether bone erosions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) show evidence of repair.\n\nMethods 127 erosions were identified in metacarpophalangeal joints 2-4 of the right hands of 30 RA patients treated with tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) and 21 sex, age and disease activity-matched patients treated with methotrexate. All erosions were assessed for their exact maximal width and depth by high-resolution mu CT imaging at baseline and after 1 year.\n\nResults All erosions detected at baseline could be visualised at follow-up after 1 year. At baseline, the mean width of bone erosions in the TNFi group was 2.0 mm; their mean depth was 2.3 mm, which was not significantly different from the methotrexate-treated group (width 2.4 mm; depth 2.4 mm). Mean depth of erosions significantly decreased after 1 year of treatment with TNFi (-0.1 mm; p=0.016), whereas their width remained unchanged. In contrast, mean depth and width of erosive lesions increased in the methotrexate-treated group. The reduction in the depth of lesions was confined to erosions showing evidence of sclerosis at the base of the lesion.

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