Summary of Background

Data A variety of treatments have

Summary of Background

Data. A variety of treatments have been described in the literature for the treatment of congenital kyphosis due to HV. We report the results of our technique.

Methods. Between 1997 and 2005 we have treated 15 consecutive patients with progressive congenital kyphosis with anterior instrumented fusion and strut grafting. Thirteen patients had a single posterolateral HV and 2 patients had a single posterior HV. Of the 15 patients in the study, 5 were girls and 10 boys. see more Mean age at surgery was 22 months (range, 8-33). Mean follow-up period was 6.8 years. Thirteen HV were located in the thoracolumbar junction (T10-L2) and 2 in the thoracic spine.

Results. The average operating time of procedure was 150 minutes (range, 130-210 minutes). The average blood loss was 180 mL (range, 100-330 mL), equivalent to a mean external blood volume loss of 15% (range, 11%-24%).

Preoperative segmental Cobb angle averaging 34 degrees at last follow-up. Compensatory coronal cranial and caudal curves were corrected by 50%. The angle of segmental kyphosis averaged 39 degrees (range, 20 degrees-80

degrees) before surgery and 21 degrees (range, 11 degrees-40 degrees) at last follow-up. This represents a 43% of improvement of the segmental kyphosis, and a 64% of improvement of the segmental scoliosis at last follow-up. One case with initial kyphosis of 80 degrees continued to check details progress and required revision anterior and posterior surgery. There were no neurologic complications.”
“Late onset aura (LOA) is usually considered benign but raises diagnostic uncertainties. We compared individuals with LOA (> 45 years of age at aura onset) with those of early onset (EOA) in clinical features, vascular risk factors and imaging, in a retrospective study

design including patients with migraine aura and age > 44 years at first visit. In 77 cases (51 EOA and 26 LOA), no differences were found in gender distribution, family or personal history of migraine without aura, type of aura symptoms or imaging findings. LOA patients’ BLZ945 Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor were more likely to not fulfil all ICHD-II aura criteria and to lack headache. This data suggest that LOA and EOA are overall identical but there are differences in presentation that deserve a better characterization by a prospective study.”
“Nicotinic drugs have been proposed as putative drugs to treat Parkinson’s disease (PD). In this study, we investigated whether nicotine can sensitize parkinsonian animals to the effect of dopaminergic drugs. Testing this hypothesis is important because nicotine has been shown to present neuroprotective and acute symptomatic effects on PD, but few studies have addressed the question of whether it may induce long-lasting effects on dopamine neurotransmission. We tested this hypothesis in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) rat model of PD.

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