Results: We failed to show any significant effect of the ABCB1 po

Results: We failed to show any significant effect of the ABCB1 polymorphism in position 3435 on antidepressant efficacy or tolerance. Discussion: While some in vitro studies showed an influence of P-GP on cerebral concentrations of antidepressants, our results do not support the hypothesis that the C3435T polymorphism is involved in therapeutic response and safety of antidepressants

in naturalistic clinical conditions, confirming results of previous studies on efficacy. Nonetheless, some methodological limitations may explain our negative results. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a human B-lymphotropic gamma herpesvirus, contains multiple repetitive sequences within its genome. A group of repetitive sequences, known as the family of repeats (FR), contains multiple binding sites for the viral trans-acting protein EBNA-1. PKA activator The FR sequences are important for viral genome maintenance and for the regulation of the promoter find more involved in viral latent

gene expression. It has been reported that a palindromic sequence with a putative secondary structure exists at the 3′ end of the FR in the genome of the EBV B95-8 strain and that this palindromic sequence has been deleted from the FR of the commonly used EBV miniplasmids. For the first time, we cloned an EBV B95-8 DNA fragment containing the full-length FR, which enabled us to examine the functional difference between full-length and deleted FRs. The full-length FR, like the deleted FR, functioned as a transcriptional enhancer of the viral latent gene promoter, but that transactivation was significantly attenuated in the case of the full-length FR. No significant enhancement of replication was observed when the deleted FR was replaced with the full-length FR in an EBV miniplasmid. By contrast, when the same set of FR sequences were tested in the context of the complete EBV genome, BX-795 supplier the full-length FR resulted in

more-efficient B-cell transformation than the deleted FR. We propose that the presence of the full-length FR contributes to the precise regulation of the viral latent promoter and increases the efficiency of B-cell transformation.”
“Background: Polymorphisms of serotonin transporter, especially serotonin transporter linked promoter region (5-HTTLPR) and serotonin transporter intron 2 variable number tandem repeat (5-HTTVNTR), have been suggested to be associated with treatment response to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. However, there have been only few reports of the association between 5-HTTLPR or 5-HTTVNTR and treatment response to venlafaxine. Methods: 84 Korean major depressive disorder patients were included in this study. They were administered 75 mg of venlafaxine XR (extended release) for 1 week and then took 150 mg for the next 3 weeks.

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