Patient information was listed in Table 3. First it was shown that IL-33 secretion was induced in A549 cells by M. pneumoniae infection (Figure 7A). Results from the GSK2399872A measurements of patient samples also showed that IL-33 level was significantly higher in both plasma and BALF of MPP patients than those in patient with foreign body (Figure 7B and 7C). Selleckchem Pexidartinib To further evaluate whether the increased plasma IL-33 levels had any potential clinical
significance as a possible biomarker for helping distinguish MPP patients from controls, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed by plotting sensitivity vs. specificity. The area under the ROC curve (AUC), a commonly used indicator for estimating the diagnostic efficacy of a potential biomarker, was subsequently calculated. For differentiating MPP patients from controls, the AUC was determined to be 0.727 (95% confidence learn more interval, 0.580-0.873) for plasma IL-33 (Figure 7D). When a cutoff value of 129.08 pg/ml was set for plasma IL-33, the sensitivity and specificity for discriminating MPP patients from controls were
70.0% and 73.3%, respectively. Table 3 Clinical information of patients with MPP or FB Characteristics FB (n = 15) MPP (n = 30) pvalue Age (years) 4.88 ± 3.58 5.78 ± 2.46 0.326 Gender (male/female) 9/6 16/14 0.671 Peripheral leukocyte (×109 cells/L) 7.00 ± 1.64 9.06 ± 4.10 Idoxuridine 0.102 Peripheral neutrophil (%) 46.95 ± 20.89 63.90 ± 16.20 0.004 BAL macrophage (%) 84.73 ± 6.45 66.53 ± 13.71 < 0.001 BAL lymphocyte (%) 9.73 ± 3.88 11.93 ± 6.39 0.229 BAL neutrophil (%) 5.53 ± 3.68 20.73 ± 13.47 < 0.001 BAL eosinophil (%) 0.20 ± 0.41 0.83 ± 2.35 0.309 Data were expressed as mean ± SD. These
variables were compared using Student’s t-test or Mann–Whitney U test. Figure 7 M. pneumoniae infection induces IL-33 expression. (A) A549 cells were treated with M. pneumoniae for 12 and 24 h, and IL-33 levels in the supernatants were measured by ELISA. Data are presented as means ± SD from at least three independent experiments. **, p < 0.01, compared with untreated A549 cells. (B) Concentration of IL-33 in patient plasma samples. (C) Concentration of IL-33 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples. Samples were obtained from patients with foreign body (FB, control, n = 15) and patients with M. pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP, n = 30). Data are presented as mean ± SD, significance was determined by Mann–Whitney U test. *, p < 0.05; **, p < 0.01, compared with FB. (D) ROC curve analysis of the diagnostic efficacy of IL-33 between MPP patients and control (AUC = 0.727). Discussion By using comprehensive MS-based proteomics combined with label-free quantitation algorithms, we examined the secretome of M. pneumoniae-infected and uninfected A549 cells.