Conclusion: This study suggests that anxiety disorders are associ

Conclusion: This study suggests that anxiety disorders are associated with suicide attempts with intent to die. Social phobia and generalized anxiety disorder appear to be associated with the more worrisome patterns SB525334 chemical structure of DSH including multiple

suicide attempts. Depression and Anxiety 29:172-179, 2012. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“Background Pelvic fractures are uncommon in elderly patients and so are infrequently addressed in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the management and outcome of pelvic fractures in elderly patients. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of pelvic fractures in elderly patients (age ?.55 years) who were treated in our department from September 1997 to

May 2010. Results A total of 40 elderly patients with pelvic fractures were identified. Their mean age was 65.8 years (range 55-87 years). About 68% (n=27) were men. The average Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 17.8 (range 6-45). Twelve (30%) patients required blood transfusion (mean 10 units) during click here the first 24 hours. The fractures were most frequently due to falling from a standing position (48%). Almost half (48%) were grade I breaks. Associated injuries were present in 70% (n=28) of patients, and 65% (n=26) had medical co-morbidities. Altogether, 29 patients (73%) underwent non-surgical management of their pelvic fracture. The average hospital stay was 25 days. There were five in-hospital deaths and one death 10 months after discharge. High ISSs ( bigger than 25) were associated with increased in-hospital mortality (P=0.018). At the final assessment (mean follow-up 15 months), 52% of the surviving patients had experienced decreased self-sufficiency. buy LCL161 Conclusions Pelvic fractures in elderly patients result in high morbidity and mortality

rates. A high ISS ( bigger than 25) can be used to identify a patient at high risk. We recommend aggressive resuscitation and intensive care for that patient. For patients with an unstable pelvic or displaced acetabular fracture (2 mm) who can endure surgery, open reduction and internal fixation can provide adequate fixation for early weight-bearing and restoration of the bone stock.”
“In the present study, we aimed to explore the effects of periostin, a cell adhesion protein, on chemoresistance in colon cancer cells. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analyses were employed to detect periostin expression in SW480 and HT-29 colon cancer cells treated with oxaliplatin or fluorouracil (5-FU). Small interfering RNA was used to downregulate endogenous periostin. Annexin-V/propidium iodide staining was performed to analyze the effects of periostin on drug-induced apoptosis. The results showed that treatment with oxaliplatin or 5-FU elevated both the mRNA and protein levels of periostin in SW480 and HT-29 cells. Silencing of periostin significantly (P smaller than 0.

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