coli K-12 on GlcNAc results in the induction of the nag regulon t

Growth of E. coli K-12 on GlcNAc results in the induction of the nag regulon that includes nagBACD in one operon and the divergently transcribed operon with the nagE gene coding for the GlcNAc transport protein, EIINag[3]. However, it has also been reported that in E. coli K92 the GlcNAc transport protein is induced by both GlcNAc and Aga [9]. Although, in our CHIR-99021 mw qRT-PCR assays we only examined nagA and nagB expression and not nagE expression, the expression pattern of nagA and nagB should reflect that of nagE expression because they are all part of the nag regulon

[3]. Therefore, unlike what was observed in E. coli K92 [9], our data (Table 1) show that in EDL933 and E. coli C nagA and nagB were induced only by GlcNAc and not by Aga PI3K inhibitor and thereby it would be reasonable to conclude that nagE was also not induced by growth on Aga. This discrepancy between our observation with two strains of E. coli, EDL933 and C, and that observed in E. coli strain K92 [9] is probably due to strain difference. Table 1 Analysis of gene expression in EDL933, E. coli C, and their mutants by qRT-PCR Carbon Sourcea Strain Relative expression of genes in EDL933 and E. coli C

b     agaA agaS nagA nagB Glycerol EDL933/E. coli C 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 Aga EDL933/E. coli C 375/32 495/62 1/1 1/1 GlcNAc EDL933/E. coli C 1/3 1/3 12/16 24/23 Glycerol EDL933 ∆agaA /E. coli C ∆agaA ND/NDc 1/1 1/1 1/1 Aga EDL933 ∆agaA /E. coli C ∆agaA ND/ND 699/86 16/7 28/9 GlcNAc EDL933 ∆agaA /E. coli C ∆agaA ND/ND 5/3 12/9 20/13 Glycerol EDL933∆nagA /E. coli C ∆nagA 2/0.5 Torin 2 chemical structure 2/0.2 ND/ND 61/19 Aga EDL933∆nagA /E. coli C ∆nagA 820/179 917/93 ND/ND 8/2 a Carbon source used for growth. b The relative expression values after the forward slash is that of E. coli C. c ND indicates not detected. In ∆agaA mutants Digestive enzyme of EDL933 and E. coli C, the expression of agaA could not be detected, as expected, irrespective of the carbon source used for growth (Table 1). When these two ∆agaA mutants were grown on glycerol, the expression levels of

agaS, nagA, and nagB were unchanged compared to that of the wild type strains grown on glycerol. When the ∆agaA mutants of EDL933 and E. coli C were grown on Aga, the induction of agaS was about 700-fold and 90-fold, respectively, which is140% higher than that in their parent strains grown on Aga (Table 1). Thus, the relative expression level of agaS was higher in ∆agaA mutants grown on Aga. In Aga grown ∆agaA mutants, nagA and nagB were significantly induced whereas, these genes were not induced at all in wild type strains grown on Aga. In fact, in Aga grown EDL933 ∆agaA, the relative expression levels of nagA and nagB were about 130% compared to that of their expressions in wild type EDL933 and EDL933 ∆agaA grown on GlcNAc.

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