alpha-Glucosidase inhibitors have interesting biological activiti

alpha-Glucosidase inhibitors have interesting biological activities, and their design, synthesis, and screening are being actively performed. In quite a few reports, however, alpha-glucosidases with different origins than the target alpha-glucosidases, have been used to evaluate inhibitory activities. There might be confusion regarding the naming of alpha-glucosidases. For example, the term alpha-glucosidase is sometimes used as a generic name for alpha-glucoside hydrolases. Moreover, IUBMB recommends the use of “alpha-glucosidase” (EC for exo-alpha-1,4-glucosidases, see more which are further

classified into four families based on amino acid sequence similarities. Accordingly, substrate specificity and susceptibility to inhibitors varies markedly among enzymes in the IUBMB alpha-glucosidases. The design and screening AZD4547 of inhibitors without consideration of these differences is not efficient. For the development of a practical inhibitor that is operational in cells, HTS using the target alpha-glucosidase and

the computer-aided design of inhibitors based on enzymatic information concerning the same alpha-glucosidase are essential.”
“Background and purpose: Because hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is associated with morbidity and mortality, we need a better understanding of the factors that predict HT after ischaemic stroke. HT is a well-known factor that limits the use of thrombolytics and it negates the effect

of treatment. This study investigated whether a high serum ferritin AZD6094 level is associated with HT in acute ischaemic stroke.\n\nMethods: Seven hundred and fifty-two consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke within 24 h after a vascular event were enrolled. HT was diagnosed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) and the HT was classified into hemorrhagic infarction (HI) type 1, 2 and parenchymal hematoma (PH) type 1, 2. HT was also classified into no HT, asymptomatic HT, minor symptomatic HT (sHT), and major sHT.\n\nResults: Computed tomography or MR showed HT in 90 patients (HI in 58 and PH in 32; asymptomatic in 53, minor symptomatic in 23 and major symptomatic in 14). The ferritin levels were higher in the patients who developed HT, PH and sHT. After adjustment for confounding variables, multivariate analysis showed that a high ferritin level remained an independent predictor of HT in the patients with acute ischaemic stroke (P < 0.001). Serum ferritin levels higher than 171.8 ng/ml were independently associated with sHT.\n\nConclusions: This study suggests that a high ferritin level is an important predictor of HT, PH, and sHT in patients with acute ischaemic stroke. Lowering the ferritin level with iron-modifying agents or using free radical scavengers could be helpful to prevent HT in ischaemic stroke.”
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