91 +/- 2 53 vs 7 66 +/- 1 08 m/s, p = 0 002), female gender (55%

91 +/- 2.53 vs 7.66 +/- 1.08 m/s, p = 0.002), female gender (55% vs 32%, p = 0.045) and nocturnal BP measurements (for mean BP; 106 +/- 11 vs 92 +/- 8 mmHg, p < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis including age, gender, BP and PWV measurements,

revealed female gender (odds ratio, OR = 5.112, 95% confidence interval, CI 1.282-20.4, p = 0.021), nocturnal mean BP (OR = 1.243, Proteasome inhibition assay 95% CI 1.107-1.396, p = 0.001) and CF-PWV (OR = 1.992, 95% CI 1.240-3.198, p = 0.004) as the independent predictors of non-dipper hypertensive pattern. Conclusion. Our results suggest that diminished nocturnal decline in BP is independently associated with PWV and nocturnal BP rather than daytime BP. Non-dipper pattern, mainly related to increased PWV and impaired modulation of vascular smooth muscle tone during the night, may justify an increased cardiovascular risk in these patients.”
“Transient ischemic attack is defined as transient neurologic symptoms without evidence of acute infarction. It is a common and important risk factor for future stroke, but is greatly underreported. Common symptoms are sudden and transient, and include unilateral paresis, speech disturbance, and monocular blindness. Correct and early diagnosis selleck products of transient ischemic attack versus mimicking conditions is important because early interventions

can significantly reduce risk of future stroke. Nonspecific symptoms and gradual onset are more likely with mimics than with true transient ischemic attacks. Transient

ischemic attacks are more likely with sudden onset, focal neurologic deficit, or speech disturbance. Urgent evaluation is necessary in patients with symptoms of transient ischemic attack and includes neuroimaging, cervicocephalic vasculature imaging, cardiac evaluation, blood pressure assessment, and routine laboratory testing. The ABCD(2) (age, blood pressure, INCB018424 order clinical presentation, diabetes mellitus, duration of symptoms) score should be determined during the initial evaluation and can help assess the immediate risk of repeat ischemia and stroke. Patients with higher ABCD(2) scores should be treated as inpatients, whereas those with lower scores are at lower risk of future stroke and can be treated as outpatients. (Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(6):521-526. Copyright (C) 2012 American Academy of Family Physicians.)”
“Six compounds have been isolated from methanolic and petroleum ether extracts of Berberis lycium (Barberry). Four out of six isolated compounds are reported for the first time from this plant. Purification of different compounds has been accomplished by conventional extraction and chromatographic techniques. The compounds have been structurally characterized by IR, Low Resolution MS, H-1-NMR and C-13-NMR spectroscopic techniques. All plant extracts and isolated compounds were assayed for the first time for their antioxidant activity.

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