7% and 90.2% for the dipstick and SSA tests, respectively).
Data obtained for cats revealed poor specificity (dipstick, 11.0%; SSA, 25.4%) and PPV (dipstick, 55.6%; SSA, 46.9%). Values improved slightly when stronger positive test results (<= 2+) were used (specificity, 80.0% and 94.2% for the dipstick and SSA tests, respectively; PPV, 63.5% and 65.2% for the dipstick and SSA tests, respectively). The UP:C had high specificity for albuminuria in dogs and cats (99.7% and 99.2%, respectively) but low sensitivity (28.7% and 2.0%, respectively).
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Caution this website should be used when interpreting a positive test result of a dipstick or SSA test for canine or feline albuminuria. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010;236:874-879)”
“Objective-To compare the radiographic appearance of small and large intestines of cats with various medical conditions and create NSC23766 solubility dmso a quantitative index for interpretation of intestinal diameters on radiographic views of the abdomen.
Animals-74 cats that underwent abdominal radiography.
Procedures Cats were assigned to 1 of 4 diagnosis categories: no gastrointestinal tract disease (n = 20), nonobstructive gastrointestinal tract disease (32), linear foreign body (LFB; 11), and small intestinal mechanical obstruction not caused by an LFB (11). Abdominal radiographs were evaluated without knowledge of history or diagnosis. Maximum and minimum external small intestine diameter (SID) and colon diameter (CD) were compared; dorsoventral and mediolateral measurements of the cranial end plate of L2 (VEL2) and L5 vertebrae were compared. Dorsoventral height of VEL2 from lateral radiographic views
was used to determine maximum-SID:VEL2 and maximum-CD:VEL2 ratios. Gas patterns were evaluated.
Results-Nonobstructive gastrointestinal tract disease was more likely than obstruction until a maximum-SID:VEL2 ratio > 2.0. At a maximum-SID:VEL2 ratio of 2.5, probability of a disease not related to the intestinal tract was < 4%. At a FAK inhibitor maximum-SID:VEL2 ratio of 3.0, probability of a mechanical intestinal obstruction was > 70%. When the maximum-CD:VEL2 ratio was 2.0, probability of LFB was 50%; as the maximum-CD:VEL2 ratio increased beyond 2.0, likelihood of LFB decreased. Both gas pattern and CD correlated with diagnosis category.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Normalizing ratios of maximum-SID:VEL2 and maximum-CD:VEL2 obtained from measurements on lateral radiographic views of the abdomen in cats were related to diagnosis category. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010;236:880-886)”
“Objective-To evaluate severity of medial patellar luxation (MPL) and frequency of concomitant cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) in dogs.
Design-Retrospective case series.
Animals-162 dogs (266 stifle joints).
Procedures-Medical records of 162 small-breed dogs with MPL were reviewed.