HRQoL is a broad multi-dimensional concept that usually includes self-reported measures of physical
and mental health. Several measures have been used to assess HRQoL and related concepts of functional status. However, there is no substitute for a standard QOL questionnaire properly administered. The HRQoL construct is measurable in that its dimensions can be assessed reliably over time and have been shown to be valid with reference to other validated instruments (Table 5). There are at least four areas can be measured in quality of life assessment: Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical see more physical well-being, social/family well-being, functional well-being and emotional well-being. There are other important factors in patient’s life that may modify how they experience their overall QOL, such as spirituality, financial and support resources, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical psychological resilience and sexuality. FACT-C and SF-36 are the mostly used questionnaires to estimate QoL in patients after CRS and HIPEC. The FACT-C scale (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy—Colon) is a self-reported
questionnaire, consisting of the FACT-G general version with 28 items plus 9 items for the colon subscale (31). It consists of subscales measuring physical well-being (PWB), functional well-being (FWB), social/family well-being (SWB), Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical emotional well-being (EWB), and a Treatment Outcome Index (TOI). The TOI is calculated by adding PWB, FWB, and the colon cancer subscale. The
FACT can be either Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical self-administered or used in an interview format and is easily completed in 5 to 10 minutes. A higher score indicates a better QoL. The SF-36 (Medical Outcomes Study Health Survey, short form) is a 36-item generic health measure. It assesses the physical functioning, role physical, role emotional, bodily pain, general health, vitality and mental health (32). Scores range from 0 to 100. A higher score indicates better functioning. While these measures have been widely used and extensively validated in clinical settings and special population Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical studies, their length often makes them impractical to use in population surveillance. In addition to the FACT-C and SF-36, there are other instruments to evaluate patient’s QoL. The CES-D scale (Center for Epidemiologic Studies—Depression) is a 20-item self-report measure having a high sensitivity and positive predictive value for because detecting depressive disorders (33). A score of >=17 indicates that the patients has significant depressive symptoms and would be categorized as a possible case of depression. Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) is a 14-item, self-report questionnaire used to provide information on the intensity of pain (the sensory dimension) as well as the degree to which pain interferes with function (the reactive dimension) (34).